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Published:   |   Last Updated: October 18, 2023

Tax Assistance for Disaster Situations

Updated 10/16/2023

The IRS further postponed tax deadlines for most California taxpayers to Nov. 16, 2023. In the wake of last winter’s natural disasters, the normal spring due dates had previously been postponed to Oct. 16. The current list of eligible localities can be found on the disaster relief page on IRS.gov.

Updated 10/13/2023

The IRS announced tax relief for individuals and businesses affected by the terrorist attacks in the State of Israel. These taxpayers now have until Oct. 7, 2024, to file various federal returns, make tax payments and perform other time-sensitive tax-related actions. For further information, please see Notice 2023-71 or the NTA blog, “Filing and Payment Relief for Taxpayers Affected by the Terroristic Action in the State of Israel.”

Update 09/25/2023
The IRS announced tax relief for individuals and businesses affected by Hurricane Lee anywhere in Maine and Massachusetts. These taxpayers now have until Feb. 15, 2024, to file various federal individual and business tax returns and make tax payments. All 16 counties in Maine and all 14 counties in Massachusetts qualify. Individuals and households that reside or have a business in these counties qualify for tax relief. The current list of eligible localities is always available on the disaster relief page on IRS.gov.

Update 09/13/2023
The IRS announced tax relief for individuals and businesses affected by Idalia in parts of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. These taxpayers now have until Feb. 15, 2024, to file various federal individual and business tax returns and make tax payments. The current list of eligible localities is always available on the disaster relief page on IRS.gov.

Update 08/18/2023
Hawaii wildfire victims qualify for expansive tax relief. Impacted taxpayers will have until February 15, 2024, to file federal tax returns and make tax payments. Visit the IRS’s disaster relief page for a list of eligible localities and more details about postponed filing dates and other tax relief options.

Update 07/20/2023
IRS is offering tax relief for flood victims in Vermont. Any affected individuals or businesses have until November 15, 2023, to file tax returns or pay taxes that were originally due between July 7 – November 25. Get more details about eligible returns and payments at IRS.gov.

Disaster Relief Guidance


Latest Tax Relief Guidance in Disaster Situations

Recent special tax law provisions may help you recover financially from the impact of a major disaster in your location.

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Preparing for Disasters

Are your home and/or business ready if a disaster strikes? Get information and suggestions on paperless record keeping, documenting assets and valuables.

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Around the Nation

Get IRS news specific to local areas, primarily disaster relief or tax provisions that affect taxpayers whose homes and/or businesses are located in those geographic areas. 

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Tax Guidance for Taxpayers Affected by Disaster Situations

Individuals and Businesses

Those affected by disasters can find guidance by accessing the frequently asked questions page.  

Reconstructing records after a disaster may be essential for tax purposes, applying for federal assistance or claiming insurance reimbursement. The more accurately the loss is estimated, the more loan and grant money may be available.

Tax Professionals

Charitable Organizations

After a disaster or in other emergency hardship situations, you may be interested in providing assistance to victims through charitable organizations. The IRS Disaster Relief Resources for Charities and Contributors provides a number of resources to help accomplish this goal.

Publication 3833, Disaster Relief, Providing Assistance Through Charitable Organizations, describes how members of the public can use charitable organizations to provide assistance to victims of disasters or other emergency hardship situations. Before making a donation, taxpayers should make sure they are dealing with a legitimate organization.  IRS.gov has a search feature, Tax Exempt Organization Search, that allows people to find legitimate, qualified charities to which donations may be tax-deductible. 

Disasters can come in many forms and happen when you least expect it.

How do you know if you are a taxpayer affected by a disaster?

Affected Taxpayers are those whose principal residence or principal place of business was located in a disaster area. 

If you didn’t reside or have a business in the disaster area, you can still get relief if the tax records necessary to meet a filing or payment deadline were located in the covered disaster area.  Similarly, if you are outside of the disaster area but your tax return preparer is in the disaster area and is unable to file or pay on your behalf, you may qualify for relief. 

All individuals and disaster relief workers who were visiting the area during the disaster and were injured or killed due to the disaster, are also entitled to relief. 

How is relief provided to taxpayers affected by a disaster?

The IRS identifies taxpayers located in disaster areas by their zip code and will systemically apply filing and payment relief. 

Affected taxpayers who are located outside the disaster area, can call the IRS toll free at, 1-866-562-5227, to self-identify for disaster relief. 

Where can I find IRS disaster announcements?

The IRS will announce the type of disaster, designated disaster locations, the dates of the disaster, and the types of tax relief. Tax relief granted by the IRS is found in the IRS disaster announcements located on the Tax Relief in Disaster Situations page and on the IRS News From Around the Nation page by selecting your state. 

Detailed information about the deadlines that can be postponed by the IRS can also be found in Revenue Procedure 2018-58 and Treasury Regulation section 301.7508A-1(c). 

Can I claim a casualty loss due to a disaster?

Taxpayers can claim disaster-related casualty losses on their federal tax return for the year of the disaster or the prior year. 

Taxpayers may deduct personal property losses that are not covered by insurance or other reimbursements.  

When you claim a disaster loss on your tax return, place the type of disaster in bold letters at the top of the Form 4684, along with the FEMA disaster declaration number.  

 For more information and details see: 

Government Agency Disaster Information


This is a one stop Web portal that consolidates information from 17 U.S. Government Agencies where you can apply for Small Business Administration loans through online applications, receive referral information on forms of assistance that do not have online applications, or check the progress and status of applications online.

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Federal disaster aid programs provided by FEMA are available to citizens affected by major disasters.


This site provides survivors and disaster relief workers with the many disaster relief programs available. Perhaps you have suffered damage to a home or business, lost your job, or experienced crop damage due to a natural disaster. Benefits.gov has a variety of national benefit and assistance program geared toward disaster recovery.


Learn how individuals and businesses can prepare for and respond to all kinds of disasters and emergencies.

Small Business Administration (SBA)

The SBA is responsible for providing affordable, timely and accessible financial assistance to homeowners, renters and businesses of all sizes located in a declared disaster area. Financial assistance is available in the form of low-interest, long-term loans for losses that are not fully covered by insurance or other recoveries.


Get more information about receiving government resources if you were affected by a federally declared disaster.